Volubilis is a partly excavated Roman city situated near Meknes between Fez and Rabat. Built in a very fertile agricultural area, it was developed from the 3rd century BC onwards as a Phoenician/Carthaginian settlement. It grew rapidly under Roman rule from the 1st century AD onwards. Its precinct includes many fine town-houses with large mosaic floors.
The town fell to local tribesmen around 285 AD but was never retaken by Rome due to its remoteness and indefensibility on the south-western border of the Roman Empire. It continued to be inhabited for at least another 700 years. During the last 100 years, a large part of the site was excavated, revealing many fine mosaics, and some of the more prominent public buildings and high-status houses were restored or reconstructed. Today it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, listed for being "an exceptionally well preserved example of a large Roman colonial town on the fringes of the Empire".
VolubilusMeknesTurkish archeologyTurkeyroman ruins